Environment Protection (Waste to Resources) Policy 2010
The Environment Protection (Waste to Resources) Policy 2010 (W2R EPP):
- provides regulatory underpinning for South Australia’s Waste Strategy
- promotes the implementation of the waste management hierarchy, improved resource recovery and reduced waste going to landfill
- helps to broaden the responsibility for waste management amongst stakeholders
- helps avoid or minimise the risks of environmental harm from waste management
The waste management objective of the W2R EPP is to:
…achieve sustainable waste management by applying the waste management by applying the waste management hierarchy consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development.
The EPA must take the waste management objective into account:
- when administering the policy
- in determining matters under the Environment Protection Act 1993 in relation to environmental authorisations (including licences), and
- in determining matters in relation to development applications under the Development Act 1993.
To achieve the waste management objectives, waste management in South Australia should:
- Promote best practice and accountable waste management.
- Include effective recording, monitoring and reporting systems.
- Promote environmental responsibility and involvement in waste avoidance, waste minimisation and waste management within the community.
Certain materials are banned from disposal from landfills, due to there being readily available resource recovery opportunities for such materials and/or due to the environmental risks those items pose if disposed to landfill.
The following types of waste are currently banned from disposal to landfill:
Cardboard and paper
Lead acid batteries
Plastic packaging (PET, HDPE, PP, LDPE, PVC or PS)
Televisions, computers and white goods
Vegetative matter (council kerbside collected)
Any other electrical or electronic equipment
For further information, see the guideline on Handling wastes banned from landfills.
Unlawful disposal includes:
- Disposal to an unlicensed waste depot.
- Disposal of a waste type to a council-provided bin not permitted by council for disposal.
- Disposal to private land without the land owner’s permissions, or in a manner that results in site contamination, environmental nuisance, or environment harm to surface or underground waters.
Penalties of up to $250,000 for unlawful disposal of waste, including illegal dumping or unauthorised stockpiling.
There are significant penalties for those caught illegally dumping waste. For individuals, penalties can be as high as $500,000 or four years imprisonment. For a corporate body the penalty can be as high as $2 million.
The EPA has responsibility for the illegal dumping of commercial quantities of industrial and demolition waste and hazardous wastes. You can report illegal dumping or illegal activity with the transport or receiving of waste to the EPA in the following ways:
- Telephone: (08) 8204 2004 or 1800 623 445 (non-metropolitan callers)
- Fax: (08) 8124 4670
Kerbside rubbish and litter remains the responsibility of local government and should be reported to the council.
The Australian Packaging Covenant is a voluntary initiative negotiated by industry and agreed to by all levels of government. It is aimed at reducing the environmental effects of packaging. Companies that have signed the covenant prepare and implement action plans to take responsibility for the environmental impact and the ultimate disposal of their packaging.
- Australian Packaging Covenant and case studies on covenant signatories along with general information and publications.
- APC Packaging Line is an enquiries service provided by the Australian Packaging Covenant.
Compulsory reporting for councils
The National Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Measure 2012 (NEPM) requires councils that provide kerbside recycling facilities for community use to complete a kerbside recycling report annually.
National Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Measure 2011
Participating jurisdictions are required to seek reports from each local government council in which a kerbside recycling collection service or other municipal materials recovery system is provided, for each financial year.
Reports on Local Government Data for South Australia:
Used packaging materials environment protection policy
To ensure that covenant signatories are not disadvantaged in the marketplace and to encourage participation, the Covenant framework includes a regulatory instrument, the National Environmental Protection Measure (NEPM) for Used Packaging Materials which is implemented by mirrored legislation in each state and territory, such as SA’s Environment Protection (Used Packaging Materials) Policy 2012.
Waste derived materials
Standards and specifications under clause 4 of the Environment Protection (Waste to Resources) Policy 2010, specify how and when certain materials can be reused and cease to be considered waste.
These also ensure that reuse of materials, such as soil or fill, is safe and does not present a risk to human health or the environment.
It is important that any applicable standard or specification is followed, otherwise the material may be considered to be waste and any use of that material may constitute illegal dumping.
Standards and specifications
- Waste-derived materials: Guiding principles for determining approval processes and product standards
- Current criteria for the classification of waste including Industrial and Commercial Waste (Listed) and Waste Soil
Waste derived fill
Refused derived fill
Waste derived soil enhancer
- Standard for the production and use of Waste Derived Soil Enhancer (WDSE)
- Waste Derived Soil Enhancer (WDSE) brochure
Waste derived fill (SPACE)
Resource recovery requirements
Suitable waste produced in metropolitan Adelaide is required to be subject to resource recovery processes prior to being able to be disposed of to landfill.
Please refer to the following guidelines
- Approvals for resource recovery facilities clauses 11(5) and 12(6)
- Resource recovery processing – the making of clause 11(7) determinations regarding sufficient treatment
A summary of the requirements is provided in the diagram below.