Solid waste encompasses many waste types produced in all areas of society.
The term 'solid waste' is simply a broad descriptor for waste that is solid in form.
This section provides information relating to the EPA’s position and requirements on the storage, recycling, reuse and disposal of solid waste:
- Recycling facilities
- Refuse derived fuel
- Storage & stockpiling
- Transfer stations
- Used packaging
- Waste derived fill
- Waste derived soil enhancers.
Municipal solid waste (MSW) is the major type of waste most people think of when waste is mentioned. It covers waste produced in homes and businesses that is not a liquid or gas.
MSW is collected by local councils in the wheelie bins put out in front of homes and businesses, as well as through dedicated MSW-hard waste collections.
There are two other main classifications of solid waste:
- commercial and industrial waste
- construction and demolition waste.
Within each of these broad classifications there are varying waste types including green waste, inert waste and industrial listed waste. Each waste type poses different risks and opportunities and requires different management.
Some waste that is produced in the home or by industry, such as pesticides, is not suitable for collection as MSW due to the risks it poses to the environment and human health if not properly managed. Such waste are categorised as hazardous waste.
Guidance on siting, design and construction of landfills, as well as assessment, classification and disposal of solid waste.